List keys to get your key:

gpg --list-keys

Edit key:

gpg --edit-key <KEY ID>

At prompt, add a new subkey, select signing or encrypting, keysize, and expiry:

gpg> addkey Please select what kind of key you want: (3) DSA (sign only) (4) RSA (sign only) (5) Elgamal (encrypt only) (6) RSA (encrypt only) Your selection? 4 RSA keys may be between 1024 and 4096 bits long. What keysize do you want? (2048) 4096 Requested keysize is 4096 bits Please specify how long the key should be valid. 0 = key does not expire <n> = key expires in n days <n>w = key expires in n weeks <n>m = key expires in n months <n>y = key expires in n years Key is valid for? (0) 2y Key expires at Wed 04 Sep 2019 10:51:34 PM PDT Is this correct? (y/N) y Really create? (y/N) y

Repeat for encrypting key if you need one.

Exporting the Subkey(s)

Get your new subkey's ID you want to export.

gpg --list-keys --with-subkey-fingerprint <KEY ID>

Export the subkey, keeping the !, can list multiple keys:

gpg -a --export-secret-subkeys <subkey id>! [ <subkey id2>!] > temp_directory/subkey.gpg

To change the passphrase, import the key into a temporary folder.

mkdir temp_directory/gpg gpg --homedir temp_directory/gpg --import temp_directory/subkey.gpg

Edit the key, and change the passphrase.

gpg --homedir temp_directory/gpg --edit-key <user-id>
> passwd > save

Note: You will get a warning "error changing passphrase", but it can be ignored.

Now export again as the new, altered subkey.

gpg --homedir temp_directory/gpg -a --export-secret-subkeys [subkey id]! > temp_directory/subkey.altpass.gpg

Importing The Subkey(s)

Now, on a new system, the subkeys can be imported:

gpg --import subkey.altpass.gpg

Checking gpg --list-secret-keys will show a # after sec, meaning the master key isn't present:

On new, subkey only system:

/home/john/.gnupg/pubring.kbx

sec# rsa4096 2017-05-17 [SC] <KEY ID> uid [ unknown] John Ramsden (<comment>) <email> uid [ unknown] John Ramsden (<comment>) <email> ssb rsa4096 2017-09-05 [S] [expires: 2019-09-05] ssb rsa4096 2017-09-05 [E] [expires: 2019-09-05]
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